5 reasons there are more women in the world than men

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The demographic phenomenon of having more women than men in the world can be attributed to several factors.

Women generally have a higher life expectancy than men, leading to a greater number of older women in the population. Biological, behavioral, and lifestyle differences contribute to this disparity.

  • Biological factors: Women tend to have stronger immune systems and lower rates of certain diseases, contributing to longer lifespans.
  • Behavioral differences: Men are more likely to engage in riskier behaviors such as smoking, heavy drinking, and dangerous occupations, which can lead to higher mortality rates.
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Although slightly more male babies are born than female babies, the difference is not large enough to offset the higher mortality rates among men. Typically, the sex ratio at birth is about 105 males for every 100 females.

  • Infant mortality: Male infants have higher mortality rates in the first few years of life compared to female infants, gradually balancing out the sex ratio.

Historically and in contemporary times, men are more likely to be directly involved in military combat and suffer higher casualties during wars and conflicts. This has a significant impact on the male population, especially in regions with ongoing conflicts.


  • Combat fatalities: Higher rates of male fatalities during wars reduce the number of men in the population.
  • Post-war impact: The long-term impact of wars on male populations can lead to lasting demographic imbalances.
War and conflict

Men are more likely to work in high-risk occupations such as mining, construction, and heavy industry, which have higher rates of accidents and fatalities.

  • Workplace safety: Dangerous jobs increase the likelihood of early death or severe injury among men, contributing to higher male mortality rates.

Men are generally more prone to making unhealthy lifestyle choices, including poor diet, lack of regular medical check-ups, and reluctance to seek medical help when needed.

  • Chronic diseases: Higher rates of heart disease, liver disease, and other chronic conditions are more prevalent among men, leading to higher mortality.
  • Mental health: Men are less likely to seek help for mental health issues, leading to higher rates of suicide and untreated mental health conditions.
Men commit more suicide than women